Population 3,830,000 ( UA)
The history of Phoenix as a city begins with Jack Swilling, a Confederate veteran of the American Civil War. On an outing in 1867, he stopped to rest at the foot of the White Tank Mountains and observed the abandoned river valley and considered its potential for farming. Swilling had a series of canals built, which followed those of the ancient Native American system. A small community formed that same year about 4 miles (6 km) east of the present city.
Phoenix is the capital, and largest city, of the U.S. state of Arizona, as well as the sixth most populous city in the United States of America, and is also the most populous state capital in the United States. Numerous high-tech and telecommunications companies have recently relocated to the area. Due to the warm climate in winter, Phoenix benefits greatly from seasonal tourism and recreation, such as the golf industry. Phoenix has long been renowned for authentic Mexican food, thanks to both the large Hispanic population and proximity to Mexico.