Population 3,120, 917 (2019) Metro
The city was founded in 1890 by the Pioneer Column, a small military force of the British South Africa Company, and named Fort Salisbury after the UK Prime Minister Lord Salisbury. Company administrators demarcated the city and ran it until Southern Rhodesia achieved responsible government in 1923.
From 2006, the growth of the city extended into its northern and western fringes, beyond the city's urban growth boundary. Predictions of the metropolitan area reaching 4 to 5 million by 2025, have sparked concerns of unchecked sprawl and unregulated development.
Over 90% of people in Harare are Shona-speaking people of African descent. Harare is also home to many Ndebele people and Kalanga people as well. Roughly 25,000 White Zimbabweans live in the Harare metro area as well.