Prince George, Maryland USA
(The 2020 census counted an increase of nearly 104,000 in the previous ten years.)
In the mid to late Holocene era, the area was occupied by Paleo-Native Americans and then, later, Native Americans. When the first European settlers arrived, what is now Prince George's County was inhabited by people of the Piscataway Indian Nation. Three branches of the tribe are still living today, two of which are headquartered in Prince George's County.
Prince George's County, established in 1696 from parts of Charles and Calvert counties, was divided into six districts in the 17th century. In the 18th century, portions formed Frederick County and contributed to creating Allegany, Garrett, Montgomery, and Washington counties. In 1791, parts of it were used to form the District of Columbia. During the War of 1812, it was marched through by the British. The county had the highest enslaved population in Maryland. In the Civil War, many enslaved individuals gained freedom by joining the Union Army. Post-war, African Americans faced repression in politics. In the 20th century, the African American population initially declined but later exceeded 50%, electing Wayne K. Curry as the first African American County Executive in 1994. In the 21st century, its population almost reached one million, making it the largest Black-majority county in the U.S. It saw a significant drop in crime rates, though experienced a 30% increase in violent crime in 2021 and 2022, alongside significant COVID-19 impacts.
Photo from Wikipedia
The Cretaceous Era brought dinosaurs to the area that left fossils now preserved in a 7.5-acre (3.0 ha) park in Laurel. The site, which among other finds has yielded fossilized teeth from Astrodon and Priconodon species, has been called the most prolific in the eastern United States.
The official name of the county, as specified in the county's charter, is "Prince George's County, Maryland". The county is named after Prince George of Denmark (1653–1708), the consort of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, and the brother of King Christian V of Denmark and Norway. The county's demonym is Prince Georgian, and its motto is Semper Eadem (English: "Ever the Same"), a phrase used by Queen Anne. Prince George's County is frequently referred to as "PG" or "PG County", an abbreviation which is the subject of debate, some residents viewing it as a pejorative and others holding neutral feelings toward the term or even preferring the abbreviation over the full name