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Boise, Idaho, USA



Population 235,684



Boise, the capital and largest city of Idaho, has a rich history that dates back to its early Native American inhabitants.

Prior to European settlement, the Boise Valley was inhabited by the Boise Valley Shoshone and Bannock tribes, who gathered for trading and sustenance. The area, known as "Snake Country," was significant for the annual trading rendezvous and salmon catches in the Boise River.

In 1811, Wilson Hunt led a fur trading expedition through the Boise Valley, marking the first time a white American entered the region.The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) established Old Fort Boise in the area, maintaining control until 1844.

Settler incursions increased in the 1840s, fueled by developments like the Oregon Treaty, gold discoveries, and the Donation Land Claim Act. Tensions between settlers and Native tribes escalated, leading to conflicts such as the Ward Massacre in 1854.

The unofficial Snake War erupted in 1866, with intensified conflicts between the U.S. Army and Native tribes.
In 1868, Fort Hall Indian Reservation was established, and the forced march known as "Idaho's Trail of Tears" expelled natives from the Boise region.

Gold discoveries in the 1860s contributed to Boise's early growth as a supply center for nearby gold towns.
Boise became the territorial capital in 1864, and efforts for city incorporation faced opposition until 1868.
The city earned the nickname "City of Trees" due to tree planting projects, and its economy thrived with mining, agriculture, and timber industries.

The Chicago-Portland railway line was established in 1925, connecting Boise and contributing to its transportation infrastructure.
In 1955, a "homosexual panic" occurred in Boise during the lavender scare, resulting in arrests and trials.
In 2019, the city council recognized indigenous significance by renaming a park and natural preserve in the Shoshoni language


Source : Wikipedia

boise idaho.jpg


Boise is in southwestern Idaho, about 41 miles (66 km) east of the Oregon border and 110 miles (177 km) north of the Nevada border. The downtown area's elevation is 2,704 feet (824 m) above sea level.

Most of the metropolitan area lies on a broad, flat plain, descending to the west. Mountains rise to the northeast, stretching from the far southeastern tip of the Boise city limits to nearby Eagle. These mountains are known to locals as the Boise foothills and are sometimes described as the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. About 34 miles (55 km) southwest of Boise, and about 26 miles (42 km) southwest of Nampa, the Owyhee Mountains lie entirely in neighboring Owyhee County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 80.05 square miles (207.33 km2), of which 79.36 square miles (205.54 km2) is land and 0.69 square miles (1.79 km2) is water. The city is drained by the Boise River and is considered part of the Treasure Valley.

Boise occupies an area of 64 sq mi (170 km2), according to the United States Census Bureau. Neighborhoods of Boise include the Bench, the North End, West Boise and Downtown. In January 2014, the Boise Police Department (BPD) partnered with the neighborhood blogging site Nextdoor, the first city in the Northwest and the 137th city in the U.S. to do so. Since the app, which enables the city's police, fire, and parks departments to post to self-selected, highly localized areas, first became available in October 2011,101 neighborhoods and sections of neighborhoods have joined.

​Source: Wikipedia


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